Maximilien Luce was born in Paris, France in 1858. At eighteen years of age of he apprenticed with engraver Eugène Froment (1844-1900), a graduate of the Ecole des Arts Décoratifs. This training would bring him work as engraver for French newspapers as well as some foreign periodicals.
Following a trip in 1877 to London, Luce would be called to complete his national military service. It would have a remarkable influence on his future as artist - for, during his military service Luce met Charles Emile Carolus-Duran (1837-1917), the famous French painter and teacher. Luce entered Carolus-Duran’s studio, a move which provided training as draftsman, but introduced him to the leading painters of the time: Camille Pissarro (1830-1903), with whom he became very good friends and who gave Luce much artistic advice. Along with Pissarro, Luce would meet Georges Seurat (1859-1891) and Paul Signac (1863-1935).
In 1887, Luce joined the Société des Indépendants, after which time he consistently participated in the avant-garde group’s exhibitions. Though landscapes made up most of his oeuvre, Luce executed some marvelous paintings of people in the Pointillist style – an aspect of his style that differentiated him from many of his fellow Neo-Impressionists. Maximilien Luce remains a very important figure in French Post-Impressionist Art, as a Pointillist and a social realist.